Use of Precast in High Rise / Mid Rise Buildings

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Credit: Original article published here.

Generally, the “go to” building systems for structures from two to eight stories is either steel or PIP concrete.  However, use of total precast for buildings of this size is more common in some parts of the country like Denver and South Eastern United States.  Total precast means that the stairs and stairwells, elevator shafts and parking accommodation are all precast concrete.  The advantages are obvious: speed, fire resistance, economy, continuous insulation and thermal advantages are all evident.  Precast provides for flexibility in layouts, including a number of products that accommodate headroom requirements and providing open spaces.

Higher Ground – Minneapolis, MN

Samaritan Bethany – Rochester, MN

Precast concrete buildings not only offer designers flexibility in the shapes they’re able to form and designs they’re able to create, but they also offer more uninterrupted and usable floor space than steel-framed buildings. Precast concrete helps meet challenges with a variety of capabilities that aid the owner, designer, and contractor and provide long-term benefits to users. The design versatility of precast concrete allows for almost any shape element, such as curved and radial sections, with flexibility in connection points and load paths. High strength, prestressed concrete structural members also deliver exceptional load-carrying capacity, which can result in smaller sections, longer spans, or both when compared to other structural systems.

As for high rise buildings, it’s advantageous to use concrete because it takes far less labor to place and finish the project. In addition, wind, elevators and budget often cap the height on a building well before the limits of either steel or concrete are exceeded.  Concrete elements are suitable for any climate and can be freely adapted to any specific culture.

In times past, most of the tallest skyscrapers in the world were made of steel – but now new techniques in construction mean that concrete has become more attractive to architects, structural engineers, owners and contractors.  As buildings soar higher and higher, it’s fascinating to see new technologies emerging to meet the demand, and to see concrete at the top of that list. A desire to build more elaborate buildings with better working spaces lends to a shift in thinking, with more consideration towards using a concrete solution for high rise buildings. Currently one of the highest concrete buildings standing is 432 Park Avenue in New York with 85 floors.

The following is a list of tallest buildings that use concrete as their main structural element.

100 Tallest Completed Buildings in the World by Height to Architectural Top

#Building NameCityHeight (m)Height (ft)FloorsCompletionMaterialUse
25432 Park AvenueNew York City (US)425.71,397852015concreteresidential
26Marina 101Dubai (AE)4251,3941012017concreteresidential / hotel
27Trump International Hotel & TowerChicago (US)423.21,389982009concreteresidential / hotel
30Al Hamra TowerKuwait City (KW)412.61,354802011concreteoffice
32LCT The Sharp Landmark TowerBusan (KR)411.61,3501012019concretehotel / residential
3423 MarinaDubai (AE)392.41,287882012concreteresidential
40Burj Mohammed Bin RashidAbu Dhabi (AE)381.21,251882014concreteresidential
42Elite ResidenceDubai (AE)380.51,248872012concreteresidential
43Central PlazaHong Kong (CN)373.91,227781992concreteoffice
44Federation TowerMoscow (RU)373.71,226932016concreteresidential / office
46The Address BoulevardDubai (AE)3701,214732017concreteresidential / hotel / retail
50Almas TowerDubai (AE)3601,181682008concreteoffice
53JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 1Dubai (AE)355.41,166822012concretehotel
53JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 2Dubai (AE)355.41,166822013concretehotel
58OKO – Residential TowerMoscow (RU)354.21,162902015concreteresidential / serviced apartments / hotel
59The TorchDubai (AE)3521,155862011concreteresidential
61The PinnacleGuangzhou (CN)350.31,149602012concreteoffice
67NEVA TOWERS 2Moscow (RU)3451,132792020concreteresidential
69Four Seasons PlaceKuala Lumpur (MY)342.51,124742018concreteresidential / hotel
70ADNOC HeadquartersAbu Dhabi (AE)3421,122652015concreteoffice
72LCT The Sharp Residential Tower ABusan (KR)339.11,113852019concreteresidential
76Mercury City TowerMoscow (RU)338.81,112752013concreteresidential / office
81DAMAC HeightsDubai (AE)335.11,099882018concreteresidential
82Shimao International PlazaShanghai (CN)333.31,094602006concretehotel / office / retail
83LCT The Sharp Residential Tower BBusan (KR)333.11,093852019concreteresidential
85The Address Residence – Fountain Views IIIDubai (AE)331.81,089772019concreteserviced apartments / hotel
93Keangnam Hanoi Landmark TowerHanoi (VN)328.61,078722012concretehotel / residential / office
94Al Yaqoub TowerDubai (AE)3281,076692013concretehotel / office
100The IndexDubai (AE)3261,070802010concreteresidential / office


Jenny Frost
Marketing Director

Spencer Kubat
VP Sales

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